Gaur are one of the largest species of cattle. They have a body length between 2.5 and 3.3 m (8.25 - 11 ft), a tail length between 70 and 100 cms (28 - 39 inches) and they weigh between 650 and 1,000 kgs (1,430 - 2,210 lbs). Males are approximately 25% larger than females
Gaur are found on the forested hills and grassy areas of south to south east Asia. They form herds of 8 - 11 individuals but they can be larger. Each herd consists of a dominant male and several females, and they have a home range of approximately 78 sq. kms (30 sq. miles). Other males may form bachelor herds or in some cases older bulls may become solitary.
Gaur mainly feed on grasses and leaves.
Gaur breed at any time during the year but there is a peak between December and June. After a gestation period of 270 - 280 days, 1 calf is born weighing approximately 23 Kgs (50 lbs). They are weaned by the time they reach 9 months old.
Gaur become sexually mature at 2 - 3 years of age and females tend to have a 12 - 15 month interval between births.
The main predators of Gaur are tigers and humans.