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While taking photographs of a waterfall, you can decide to either freeze the motion of the water or capture the ongoing motion of the water, as I have done in this photograph. (Captured the ongoing motion).
I have stated before, I prefer using the AV mode because it helps me in controlling the F stop and ISO, and the camera decides the shutter speed based on these settings in order to get the perfect composition given that the evaluative metering is at 0.
I put my F stop to 22 (this would decrease the light entering my camera), put ISO on 100 and the shutter speed came down to 5 seconds, as decided by camera.
Since the exposure is now prolonged (5 seconds), the shutter would close for 5 seconds in order to take a photograph. This would capture the ongoing motion of the water (movement in 5 seconds) creating a mystical image.
In order to click an image like this you can follow these simple steps:
1) Ensure you have a tripod (you will need it to ensure that your camera does not move during the prolonged exposure)
2) Recommended but not necessary a wide-angle lens (anywhere between 10mm and 80mm), this will help you in capturing a wider angle.
3) Take a few test shots to get your composition right.
4) EXPERIMENT as much as you can in order to learn,(that's how I learn), especially since it is in the field. You don't have enough time to experiment while clicking wildlife but you do have enough time while taking landscape photographs..
Shot using a tripod.
Location : Jasper National Park, Canada